Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) refers to the overrepresentation of minority youth who come into contact with the juvenile justice system. The federal Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), describes DMC as the condition that exists when minority youth have greater contact with police and the juvenile justice system than their proportions in the general population.
OJJDP Assessment Requirements and Reporting
Disproportionate Minority Contact
OJJDP requires all states to collect and report data that measure the results of funded prevention and systems improvement activities and to use these data to inform their administration of grant funds to improve program performance. In 2012, DYS contracted with the University of Cincinnati (UC) to conduct an Assessment in the 14 Ohio counties accounting for approximately 85% of Ohio’s minority youth between the ages of 10 and 17 years old. The purpose of the Assessment was to identify whether or not disparity exists, and if so, identify and examine the causes of disparity from the point of arrest and throughout the juvenile justice system. UC held focus groups, conducted individual interviews within 13 of these 14 counties, and collected and analyzed additional data. The Assessment report was completed in July 2016 and is being used to provide strategic direction for DYS.
OJJDP Publications of Interest
This fact sheet provides an overview of OJJDP's efforts to reduce disproportionate minority contact (DMC). The publication includes a description of OJJDP's DMC Reduction Model, which helps states determine whether disproportionality exists and, if it does, guides the establishment of multipronged intervention strategies to ensure equal treatment of all youth. The fact sheet also includes a summary of states' DMC-reduction activities derived from compliance plans submitted in fiscal year 2011.
Describes strategies that States and communities can use to reduce disproportionate minority contact with the juvenile justice system. This bulletin is a companion to the latest edition of OJJDP's Disproportionate Minority Contact Technical Assistance Manual. It includes useful "how to" information drawn from the manual and presents important background on the context in which local preparation takes place-media coverage and public attitudes about crime, race, and youth.
Describes developments in addressing disproportionate minority confinement (DMC) at the national, state, and local levels. This OJJDP Summary begins with a brief review of the most recent data, followed by an outline of national efforts by OJJDP and others during the past 5 years to address the challenge of DMC. It then presents an update of state activities, including a status report on state compliance with the DMC core requirement, highlights form state DMC assessment research and intervention initiatives, and an outline of remaining challenges. The Summary concludes with a look at the implications of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act's broadening of DMC to encompass disproportionate minority contact.
The purpose of this 2002 OJJDP Bulletin is to extend earlier analysis by examining research found in professional academic journals and edited books during the 12-year period. Conference papers or presentations are excluded from the current review, as are unpublished State studies or plans, except when portions of these may have formed the basis for a journal publication.
For more information, please contact:
Kristi S. Oden
, Grants Administrator